The London-wide Low Emission Zone has been in place since 2008. The scheme is intended to cut harmful emissions from the most polluting lorries, coaches and buses. Cars and motorcycles are not included in the scheme. The Low Emission Zone is the first in the UK and the largest in the world. The
scheme covers all 33 London boroughs in the Greater London Authority area and applies to lorries, coaches, black taxis and buses – but not cars. The LEZ is managed and operated by Transport for London (TfL).
Information on the topics below is available to FTA members by clicking on any available links or by downloading the Environment and emissions chapter of the Yearbook of Road Transport Law
London Low-Emission Zone
The LEZ operates 24 hours a day, 365 days a year and has various compliance stages dependent on vehicle weight and Euro standard. If you don’t comply with the compliance standards, then you need to pay a daily access fee or face penalty charges. Cars are not included in the LEZ. View a map of the London LEZ.
Hgvs, buses and coaches are currently required to meet the Euro IV standard for particulate matter (PM) emissions. Larger vans and minibuses were included in the LEZ from 3 January 2012 and must meet the Euro 3 standard for PM emissions to drive within Greater London.
Vehicles not meeting the emissions standard can be made to do so by modifying them. Alternatively, operators of vehicles that do not meet the standard need to pay a daily charge to drive within the zone. The daily charge is set at £100 for vans and minibuses and £200 for HGVs, coaches and buses.
Vehicles which access the zone and do not meet the required standard and fail to pay the daily charge will be issued with a Penalty Charge Notice (PCN) which will be sent to the registered keeper. For vans and minibuses, the PCN level is £130 (reduced to £65 if paid within 14 days). The Charge for HGVs, coaches and buses is £1,000 (reduced to £500 if paid within 14 days).
For help understanding the LEZ, view our London emission zone compliance guide (members only). You can also find advice on the Transport for London (TfL) website.
London Ultra-Low Emission Zone
Information on the London Ultra-low Emission Zone (ULEZ) can be found in our ULEZ Campaign.